Abortive Migraine Therapy

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Abortive Migraine Therapy

Abortive migraine therapy consists of medications that provide temporary relief from migraine headaches as well as preventative medication to reduce their frequency and intensity. There are various types of abortive migraine therapy, such as triptans, ergotamine, and the more recently introduced Lasmiditan (Reyvow).

Doctors may prescribe triptans as the initial treatment for mild to moderate migraine headaches. These drugs block pain receptors and reduce inflammation in the brain, while also altering serotonin levels within the brain – leading to an antidepressant effect.

If a migraine sufferer does not respond to a triptan, doctors may try another medication that acts on similar brain receptors. Ergotamine, for instance, acts on both 5HT1B and 5-HT1D serotonin receptors and can reduce inflammation and alleviate pain by blocking pain receptors in the brain; however it is not as powerful as a triptan.

For some people, a combination of two or more abortive migraine medications may be necessary in order to successfully relieve their migraine. These may include antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs, blood pressure lowering drugs, calcium channel blockers and more.

Antidepressants such as amitriptyline can provide temporary relief to people suffering from migraines by relieving their depression. Unfortunately, they may also cause side effects like sleepiness.

Blood pressure-reducing medications, such as propranolol (Inderal), metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor), and others, may provide relief from migraine by decreasing inflammation in blood vessels. These can be taken orally or intravenously.

Other medications that can be used as an abortive to treat migraines include acetaminophen, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and benzodiazepines. While these drugs have the potential for increased blood pressure effects when combined with triptans, they should only be taken when absolutely necessary.

Benzodiazepines, such as diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and others, can help people suffering from migraines feel more relaxed by calming the brain. Furthermore, these drugs reduce nausea and vomiting – another common symptom associated with a migraine.

Acupuncture can be an effective solution for people suffering from migraines, particularly those who experience severe pain or don’t respond to other medications. During acupuncture, a trained practitioner uses thin needles to stimulate skin and nerves in the head while massaging scalp or back of neck areas.

Some people with migraines can benefit from botulinum toxin A (Botox). This drug is administered every 12 weeks and helps prevent migraines.

For people suffering from migraines, injections of CGRP monoclonal antibodies such as eremethrin-aooe (Aimovig), fremanezumab-vfrm (Ajovy) and galcanezumab-gnlm (Emgality) offer newer solutions. These injections, given monthly or quarterly, may provide relief if other therapies haven’t provided sufficient relief.

If someone suffering from migraines is having difficulty eliminating their symptoms, they should consult a neurologist. A neurologist is a medical expert who can explain the condition and collaborate with patients on finding effective treatments.

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- Welcome, SoundTherapy.com lowers anxiety 86%, pain 77%, and boosts memory 11-29%. Click on the brain to sign up or share with buttons below to help others: