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Abortive Migraine Therapy in Pregnancy

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Abortive Migraine Therapy in Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be an incredibly trying time for women, and migraines add another layer of difficulty. Research has indicated that migraine headaches may be responsible for certain pregnancy complications like high blood pressure, preeclampsia, or miscarriage.

Fortunately, pregnant women suffering from migraines have several treatments available to ease the pain, nausea and dizziness that come with an attack. These medicines aim to provide temporary relief of symptoms like dizziness or nausea as well as reduce headache-like sensations.

Nonpharmacologic therapies such as yoga, acupuncture, relaxation techniques, biofeedback and the use of essential oils are considered first-line solutions for women suffering from migraines who have exhausted all other options without success. In certain instances however, prescription drugs may be prescribed to reduce attack frequency and alleviate their severity.

Antiemetics, dopamine receptor antagonists and 5HT3 antagonists are safe for pregnant patients to take as abortives. These medications work by inhibiting the production of dopamine and its related receptors, relieving migraine-associated pain, nausea and dizziness.

These drugs can be acquired either over-the-counter or with a valid prescription, depending on the patient’s requirements. They can be taken orally or given via injection.

The most widely prescribed abortive migraine medication is acetaminophen, which comes in various forms and doses such as suppositories, tablets, capsules and liquids. While acetaminophen can effectively relieve migraine pain, it may cause side effects like stomach upset and diarrhea; plus it could interfere with other medications you’re taking so be sure to consult your doctor before using this type of drug.

Other commonly prescribed OTC medications for migraine headaches include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen and celecoxib. NSAIDs can reduce headache frequency and severity by inhibiting prostaglandin production – chemicals responsible for pain and swelling – through blocking prostaglandin production.

If NSAIDs fail to provide enough relief, other abortive medications can be combined with them. For instance, taking ibuprofen and sumatriptan together may reduce migraine attacks or prevent them altogether.

Liquid lidocaine 4%, available as either a nasal spray or oral solution, is an effective and user-friendly treatment option for women suffering from migraines during pregnancy. It can be used to alleviate symptoms like burning sensations or combined with a wearable device that emits mild electrical currents for either relief or prevention of migraines.

Women suffering from migraines have found acupuncture to be an effective and affordable treatment. Studies have demonstrated it to be more effective than a placebo and generally safe when administered to most patients.

Additionally, there are over-the-counter herbal remedies that may help manage a migraine during pregnancy. These can typically be found at most grocery stores and pharmacies.

Migraines have long been linked to vascular complications during pregnancy, but more research is necessary to better comprehend their causes. By understanding more about migraine headaches’ physiology, patients can better manage their pain during this trying time.

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