According to Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Therapy

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According to Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Therapy

According to American psychiatrist Aaron Beck, cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy that addresses dysfunctional thinking, behavior and emotional responses. This approach seeks to identify and correct these patterns of thought and behavior.

Treatment includes teaching patients skills to modify beliefs, recognize distorted thoughts, relate differently to others and alter behaviors. It is goal-oriented, time-sensitive, educative and collaborative in nature.

Beck popularized cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) in the 1960s. This model suggests people can overcome difficulties, reach goals, and enhance their functioning by altering unhelpful or inaccurate thinking, problematic behavior, and distressing emotional reactions.

CBT is an evidence-based treatment option and has been shown to be just as successful at relieving depression in randomized controlled trials.

In this interview, viewers will gain an understanding of the origins and development of cognitive therapy from Beck’s research on depression. They’ll also discover key components of this model and its application to various disorders.

Depression can often be traced back to negative, self-deprecating beliefs or schemas. These negative impressions can create a persistent response bias that impairs one’s capacity for objective evaluation of reality and making informed decisions.

2. Schemas are comprehensive organizational patterns of thought which provide the basis for categorizing and assessing experiences.

Schemas are formed through genetic factors, selective attention allocation, and adverse life events. They provide an individual with their earliest and most fundamental impressions about themselves and the world, which may be positive, negative or neutral. Schemas develop through genetic influences, selective allocation of attention resources and adverse environmental experiences.

Automated thoughts refer to a set of negative feelings experienced by depressed individuals that can arise out of one’s earliest memories. These beliefs have been linked to childhood experiences and may play an important role in depression.

Beck’s patients often displayed cognitive errors such as arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, overgeneralization and magnification/minification of details. These can all contribute to maintaining depression levels.

Finally, Beck proposed that people develop depression due to the formation of maladaptive’schema’ or core beliefs. These concepts stem from one’s underlying assumptions and prejudices about themselves, the world, and other people.

This belief may have arisen as a result of a traumatic event that occurred during the individual’s childhood.

6. The Treatment: Together, the therapist and client work to examine automatic thoughts and recognize cognitive distortions that may contribute to depression.

Cognitive therapy has become a widely-used form of psychological treatment. It can be effective for treating many psychiatric and psychological issues, such as anxiety, depression, phobias, anger and violence issues, substance abuse problems, personality disorders and suicidal thoughts.

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