ADHD Medication Side Effects

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ADHD Medication Side Effects

People with ADHD respond differently to medications, so it may take some time for a doctor to find the appropriate one and dosage. Once on an effective medication, regular check-ins by your healthcare professional will allow them to monitor how well it’s working.

The main ADHD medications are stimulants. These chemicals work by increasing levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which enhances attention and energy. Furthermore, these chemicals have an effect on mood as well as complex thinking.

These drugs are prescribed to children and adults with ADHD to help them focus, stay on task and pay attention. They may also enhance social relationships, manage stress levels and cope with life’s obstacles.

Stimulant side effects may include drowsiness, fatigue and sleep difficulties that may last up to four hours after taking the drug. It’s common for kids to experience decreased appetite or weight loss while on this medication; these effects can be minimized by avoiding foods high in fats and sugars while eating more fruits and vegetables.

Other side effects may include stomach pain and nausea. These usually go away after a few weeks of treatment.

Some people taking ADHD medication may experience an increase in their blood pressure. This is known as the rebound effect and usually occurs after a brief period of fatigue or activity; it’s especially prevalent at nighttime.

It’s essential to discuss any other medical conditions you have with your healthcare provider, such as high blood pressure, heart disease or diabetes. They can advise you on whether taking a medicine for ADHD alongside other medications is safe.

Non-stimulant medicines may be another option for some people with ADHD. These generally consist of norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors or alpha-2 adrenergic agonists.

These medications don’t affect dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain like stimulants do, so they don’t cause similar side effects. They’re typically used when stimulants don’t work well or cannot be tolerated.

Antidepressants are often prescribed to treat depression and other symptoms of anxiety in people with ADHD. Since they target the underlying problem rather than just symptoms, antidepressants may provide a safe and effective solution for some patients.

SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, are frequently prescribed to treat ADHD and depression. When combined with a stimulant, these drugs provide added effectiveness while decreasing side effects associated with both disorders.

Other medications used to treat some adults with ADHD include anticonvulsants and narcolepsy medications. While they have less of an effect on dopamine and norepinephrine than stimulants, they may still cause drowsiness or sleepiness in some individuals.

Some ADHD medications, like Adderall, come in extended release capsules or patches that can be taken over several hours. These tend to be more cost-effective than immediate release medications.

There are other medications that are nonstimulants but may still be beneficial for some people with ADHD, such as atomoxetine (Strattera). These can be used when stimulant medications don’t work or are poorly tolerated.

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