ADHD Medications List

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ADHD Medications List

If you or someone close to you has ADHD, your doctor may suggest medications for control of symptoms. These medicines have proven successful in improving focus, concentration, and impulse control.

These drugs come in various forms and may be combined with behavior therapy. Your doctor will review your medical history to decide which types of medicines might work best for you.

Stimulant medications are a safe and effective way for most children and adults to treat ADHD. These drugs work by increasing dopamine levels in the brain, which is linked to mood, attention, motivation, and movement.

The most widely prescribed stimulant is methylphenidate, commonly marketed under the brand names Ritalin or Adderall and in generic form. These drugs have a short half-life and usually start working within an hour after administration; they can be taken once or twice daily for maximum effects.

Some long-acting stimulants are available, but they require a prescription from your doctor. These drugs can be taken once in the morning or as needed throughout the day; however, these types of medications may be harder to swallow than their shorter-acting counterparts.

Atomoxetine is a selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), meaning that it increases levels of noradrenaline in your brain. This drug may be prescribed to adults and teens who don’t respond to methylphenidate or lisdexamfetamine for treating ADHD symptoms.

It comes in both immediate-release and extended-release oral tablets that are easy to chew and swallow. Unfortunately, taking this drug may lead to side effects like loss of appetite, weight loss, and sleep problems.

There are also extended-release melatonin capsules and a liquid form of the drug that can be sprinkled onto food for easier ingestion. These forms may be easier for children with digestive issues to take than pills.

Around 80% of those with ADHD also have another mental health condition such as depression, anxiety or personality disorder. Since these conditions and their treatment can impact your ADHD symptoms in turn, it’s essential to discuss them with your doctor prior to taking stimulants or antidepressants.

Although antidepressants have not been approved by the FDA to treat ADHD, they can be used in cases when stimulant medications don’t work or have side effects. These drugs act on dopamine and norepinephrine levels in your brain, helping reduce symptoms such as impulsivity or hyperactivity.

Before your doctor makes a recommendation on which medication to try for ADHD, they will consider your age, severity of the disorder and any medical history you provide. They may also inquire if there are other illnesses that could interfere with how well the drug works in your child such as high blood pressure or thyroid issues.

Your doctor will adjust the dose of your medicine according to how well it works and any side effects experienced. It may take several appointments with different healthcare professionals before finding a medication that works optimally for both you and your family.

Your doctor can discuss other treatments that might be beneficial, such as behavioral education, changing your diet or combining medications. If medication is not something you or your loved one is interested in or feels comfortable with taking, other approaches to treating ADHD could be an option for treatment.

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