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ART (Antiretroviral Therapy)

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ART (Antiretroviral Therapy)

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). It helps reduce the spread of HIV and improves health outcomes while decreasing its potential resistance to drugs. Additionally, ART reduces drug resistance in HIV-infected individuals.

Adequate use of ART is essential to maximize its effects. Failure to take the correct medication, start or stop treatment when needed, or take it at the wrong time can lead to issues.

HIV infection can be treated with various drugs. Each drug acts differently and targets the virus in a unique way, so your doctor will select the most suitable option based on your health status, lifestyle choices and other factors.

HIV, commonly known as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), destroys immune cells in your body. This makes it difficult for the body to fight off infections and certain HIV-related cancers; ultimately leading to AIDS if your immune system no longer functions properly and you no longer have any protection from disease. With proper medical care and treatment however, living a healthy life with HIV is possible for an extended period of time.

ART is an antiviral combination. These medications help your body create new immune cells to fight HIV, and some of the medications also reduce levels of HIV in your blood.

Antiviral medicines work by inhibiting the proteins used by HIV to replicate and spread. These include reverse transcriptase and integrase. Other medications interfere with other steps in the viral life cycle, like stopping it from inserting itself into your DNA.

Optimizing virologic suppression requires selecting the optimal initial regimen for each individual and then sticking with their ART regimen. Adherence to this regime is particularly important since it can be challenging to consistently follow a daily medication schedule.

When the antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen is followed correctly, the level of HIV virus in your blood (known as “viral load”) decreases. Most people who take ART for several months will achieve undetectable HIV viral loads in their blood; at this low level it cannot be transmitted to others; this state of being is known as “undetectable equal untransmittable” or U=U.

After diagnosis, it is critical to start on antiretroviral therapy (ART) immediately to prevent HIV transmission and disease progression. Additionally, early initiation of treatment for HIV also lowers the likelihood of developing opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis.

The ideal first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen consists of two or more antiretrovirals that target different stages in HIV’s life cycle. These drugs, known as nucleoside analogues, work together to suppress virus replication and weaken it enough so that you can stop its growth or spread within your body.

HIV is a deadly infection that can lead to AIDS, but the good news is that deaths from this illness have been decreasing steadily over the past couple of decades. This has been partly due to advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART), which have saved millions of lives. However, more work remains to be done in finding new methods of preventing and treating this devastating disorder.

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