Cognitive Therapy Vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on the current problems of its client. It does not attempt to solve past issues, but instead helps individuals manage them by recognizing and confronting negative thoughts and behaviors.
Therapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy teaches individuals how to recognize the causes of their negative thinking and engage in more constructive activities. It has proven successful for treating various mental health conditions like anxiety or depression.
Dr. Aaron Beck developed cognitive behavioral therapy in the 1960s after observing that people suffering from mental illness often have “automatic negative thoughts,” or inaccurate, illogical beliefs. These distorted perceptions may lead to emotional and physical issues such as low self-esteem, depression, and eating disorders.
The therapist works with the client to identify and alter these irrational thoughts, known as “cognitive distortions.” These may have been instilled in them through childhood experiences or other influences; they could even be sparked by external events like losing a loved one or experiencing job loss.
It begins with an assessment phase where the client records their negative automatic thoughts in a simple thought record. These thoughts are then analyzed and compared against facts surrounding them; the therapist helps the client comprehend why these beliefs may arise, often due to inaccurate assumptions or rules.
CBT therapists utilize various worksheets for cognitive restructuring, or the process by which clients attempt to replace irrational thoughts with more rational ones. Additionally, the therapist may ask the client to consider different perspectives.
This type of therapy can be particularly helpful for those suffering from anxiety and depression, substance abuse issues and behavioral addictions. Additionally, it has proven to be successful in helping those dealing with trauma and PTSD.
Therapy can be a rewarding experience, and the most beneficial method is selecting a therapist experienced in what type of work you need help with. Discuss your needs, what’s stopping you from reaching your objectives, and how both of you can work together to ensure success.
Cognitive behavioral therapists will collaborate with you to identify your unique needs and tailor treatment accordingly. This includes setting objectives and monitoring progress towards these objectives.
The therapist will also assist you in honing your problem-solving skills, which are the abilities to recognize and address issues. These abilities can assist in managing life’s stresses while improving overall quality of life.
These skills can be acquired through various techniques, such as journaling or diary work. Group therapies also offer an effective means for teaching them.
In addition to these techniques, therapists may also teach you how to think differently and respond more effectively when faced with challenging circumstances. This is often achieved through exercises that challenge you to envision the situation from a new perspective.