Comparing Treatments of Depression
Depression is a widespread mental health condition that can have life-altering consequences. Fortunately, patients suffering from this disorder have several effective treatment options at their disposal.
Antidepressants fall under two categories: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). They work by blocking chemicals in your brain that cause depression; they help you sleep better and reduce hunger cravings.
They can be prescribed by a doctor to treat both major and less severe depression. While they can help you get back on track with life, be aware of potential side effects you should be aware of.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of talk therapy that teaches you how to recognize and alter negative thoughts and behaviors. Additionally, it teaches you effective techniques for interacting with others in healthy ways.
Therapy can also teach you ways to manage problems and stress in everyday life. This type of therapy is especially helpful when you find it hard to stay motivated to complete tasks.
Other types of talk therapy include interpersonal and psychodynamic therapies, which aim to uncover deep emotions and past experiences that might be contributing to your symptoms. While these types of therapies may improve depression symptoms more than antidepressants do, more research needs to be done in order to be certain.
Treatments for depression and anxiety are usually provided by a licensed therapist. You can locate one near you by speaking with friends or family, asking your doctor, or searching online.
Exercise can also help relieve depression, but it should only be done under medical guidance. Taking vitamins or herbal supplements may also have beneficial effects, though more research is needed to know for certain.
Patients with severe or recurrent depression may require more intensive treatments such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This procedure is usually carried out in the hospital setting.
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), which sends electrical pulses to a part of the brain associated with depression, may be an alternative treatment option for some who have not responded well to other treatments. VNS works by sending regular signals to your vagus nerve in your neck which relays information back to your brain; it may even benefit those suffering from bipolar disorder.
Your doctor may suggest alternative and complementary treatments for depression, such as acupuncture or vitamin and herbal supplements. Studies have demonstrated some success with some of these methods; however, more research is necessary to determine their true effectiveness and any potential negative side effects.
Alternative and complementary treatments can be used in addition to antidepressant medications, or on their own. They may be especially beneficial for women who have a history of postpartum depression who cannot take antidepressants.
When trying to treat depression, remember that it’s essential to try different treatments until you find one that works for you. Your most suitable treatment may involve a combination of medications and therapy; additionally, don’t forget that you can always switch up medications or therapies as necessary.