Interestingly, the current intensities reaching subcortical regions were similar to those reaching cortical regions for all electrodes, which suggests that CES can induce behavioral effects indicative of subcortical modulation (e. While authors tend to report verbal claims about subliminal stimulation from device manufacturers (Winick, 1999; Wagenseil et al. In this study, the Alpha-STIM-SCS device was used with two electrodes attached to the earlobes on both sides, and the sham condition included an inactive device. The models involved a DC supply of 1.0 mA (at 150 Hz) with five different electrode mounts, including traditional ear clips, and detailed current distribution across the scalp, skull, cerebrospinal fluid, eyes, muscles, gray and white matter, and air.
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