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Insomnia and CVD

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Insomnia and CVD

Insomnia is a widespread disorder that affects more than one-third of the US population. It can interfere with sleep, mood and work performance, with serious health repercussions if left untreated.

Sleep disorders have been classified in various ways, from symptoms and signs to syndromes and diseases. Insomnia often coexists with other medical conditions (like chronic pain or reflux esophagitis) or forms part of the diagnosis criteria for some psychiatric illnesses.

The ICSD-2, DSM-IV and ICD-10 all classify insomnia into various symptom presentations such as sleep difficulty, early morning awakening, daytime sleepiness and abnormal sleeping patterns. Furthermore, they include subtypes based on frequency and duration of the symptom as well as various subdiagnostic categories.

However, the ICSD-2, DSM-IV, ICDS-10 and ICD-11 systems all deviated from the original classification of insomnia based on etiology in order to emphasize treatment implications for chronic insomnia. Nonetheless, these shifts towards a more patient-centric approach resulted in an integrated picture of insomnia; current clinical practice guidelines now cover core features common across all ICSD-3, ICD-11 and DSM-5 diagnoses.

Our study investigated the relationship between three symptoms of insomnia and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Participants with Diagnostic Insomnia, Enhanced Melatonin Symptoms (EMA), or Disturbed Dreaming (DDF) experienced higher risks for total stroke incidence, ischemic stroke incidence, as well as heart attack incidence.

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- Welcome, SoundTherapy.com lowers anxiety 86%, pain 77%, and boosts memory 11-29%. Click on the brain to sign up or share with buttons below to help others:
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