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Irritability and Anxiety and Cognitive Functioning in Children With ADHD

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Irritability and Anxiety and Cognitive Functioning in Children With ADHD

Anxiety and irritability are common comorbid symptoms in youth with ADHD. In this study, we examined the associations between irritability and anxiety and cognitive functioning in children with ADHD. The study was conducted in an urban university clinic specializing in anxiety disorders.

In order to evaluate the relationships between anxiety and irritability, we used a number of indicators to assess current symptom severity. In the primary analysis, ADIS-IV-C/P CSR of the child’s main anxiety disorder was used as a measure of anxiety severity.

We then evaluated the relations between anxiety severity and irritability using structural equation modeling. Model fit was evaluated by standardized root mean square residuals and comparative fit index.

Our findings suggest that irritability is related to anxiety severity. This relationship may be moderated by gender. Specifically, irritability is more pronounced in females than males.

These findings are important to understanding the links between anxiety and irritability. However, more studies are needed to understand how these links are affected by age, gender, and family environment experiences. Future studies should also examine prospective and temporal links.

Among those examined in the present study, higher levels of anxiety symptoms were associated with negative performance on memory tests. However, these associations did not significantly correlate with a child’s performance on other tests of cognitive functioning. Consequently, treatment options need to be considered for youths with comorbid anxiety and irritability.

Finally, the findings showed an interactive relation between the levels of irritability and neural responsiveness in the ventral anterior cingulate cortex. Increased activity in this region could provide a new target for treatment.

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- Welcome, SoundTherapy.com lowers anxiety 86%, pain 77%, and boosts memory 11-29%. Click on the brain to sign up or share with buttons below to help others:

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