Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Anxiety
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common digestive disorder that affects a person’s ability to move food through the digestive tract. IBS may cause bloating, cramps, diarrhoea, constipation, and other unpleasant symptoms. Anxiety can add to the severity of these symptoms.
A variety of treatments are available for people with IBS and anxiety. They include medications, lifestyle changes, and other therapies. The best way to manage your symptoms is to consult your primary care physician. He or she can determine the source of your anxiety and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.
Studies have shown that people with IBS experience more frequent symptoms during stressful times. This can be caused by a number of factors, such as stress, food, or an immune system that is aggravated by stress.
Researchers have found that comorbid symptoms of depression and anxiety are more likely in people who have IBS. Among the 40 women who completed the study, the odds of having both disorders were 2.8%, compared to 1.35% among controls.
Case-control analyses showed a significant association between IBS and anxiety. Patients who had IBS had higher levels of anxiety than controls. These patients also had a higher risk of having comorbid symptoms of depression and sleep disorder.
Mixed anxiety depression was a common psychiatric disorder in IBS patients. In fact, 102 of the twins reported symptoms of depression.
Genetic factors play a role in the development of psychiatric disorders. While researchers haven’t figured out a definitive cause, there are shared genetic factors that contribute to anxiety and depression.