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Mental Health Disorder Definition

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Mental Health Disorder Definition

World Health Organization defines mental health as “a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her full potential, is able to cope with life’s normal stresses, works productively and fruitfully, and makes a contribution to her or his community.”

Mental health is affected by many factors, such as genetics, environment, brain chemistry and lifestyle. While some individuals are genetically predisposed to developing mental disorders than others, this is not always the case.

People of various backgrounds and cultures experience mental illnesses differently due to differences in social, cultural, and economic factors. People in developing countries may be more vulnerable to mental illness due to poverty, lack of access to treatment options, and poor health conditions.

Mental health disorders can be caused by inherited traits, environmental exposures before birth (prenatal), and neurotransmitter imbalances in the brain. These changes in chemistry can significantly impact your mood and behavior.

Psychological distress is another important cause of mental illness. This can be brought on by trauma or loss such as a breakup, job loss, or move. Events like these may trigger symptoms like anxiety, depression, and anger.

Stressful events or circumstances, such as receiving unexpected news, grieving for a loved one, or facing major illness can cause acute stress to manifest itself in mental illnesses. Acute stress also arises from exposure to stressful situations like those encountered at work or school.

Depressive and other mood disorders are conditions in which chemical changes in the brain cause feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or worthlessness. These conditions are usually treated through medication or behavioral therapy.

Anxiety and phobia disorders are emotional conditions that cause intense fear or worry that can interfere with daily activities. These issues are typically treated through antidepressant drugs and cognitive behavioral therapy.

Other types of mental illnesses that may impact your mood and behavior include:

Adjustment disorder is a psychological condition that arises when an individual experiences an abrupt change in their life, such as divorce or moving. This can affect both children and adults alike.

Mood and behavior disorders can have a significant impact on your daily activities as well as how you relate to others. To treat them, medical interventions, coping skills, and lifestyle modifications such as exercising and abstaining from illicit drugs or alcohol are all effective treatments.

Neuroses are a group of mental illnesses characterized by abnormally severe and prolonged defensive reactions in response to external stressors. Treatment for neuroses can be challenging due to their complex causes that remain obscure.

Four main categories of mood disorders exist: *Depression*, *Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors*, *Anxiety*, and *Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder*. Each has its own symptoms which can be diagnosed by a medical professional.

Symptoms of anxiety or mood disorder can range from mild to severe, depending on the condition. People suffering from an anxiety or mood disorder may experience feelings of depression, sadness, worry, or anger most of the time. Other signs include difficulty thinking or concentrating, feeling overwhelmed and feeling disconnected from their environment.

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