Mental Health Disorders Are Not Really Diseases

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Mental Health Disorders Are Not Really Diseases

Mental health disorders are real illnesses that affect millions of people around the world, but they are medical diseases not mental disorders. Just like heart disease or diabetes, they are treatable conditions that can be diagnosed and managed – so don’t feel ashamed if your mental health problems hinder your daily life – they’re actually beneficial in many ways!

Mental illness is a multifaceted condition that involves biological, psychological and environmental elements to cause symptoms such as moodiness, thinking or behavior problems. While some cases are more serious than others, most can be managed with medication or counseling.

Mental disorders remain mysterious. It is thought that genetics, brain damage, exposure to toxic substances, prenatal damage and life experiences may combine to cause them.

Psychosocial factors such as family and social history, childhood adversities, stress, poverty and abuse can also have an effect on someone’s mental illness risk. A person who has a history of these can be more vulnerable to developing mental illness.

Mental illnesses come in many forms and each has its own symptoms and treatments. The most prevalent are:

Mood or anxiety disorder: These disorders involve issues with emotions, thoughts or behaviors. Examples include depression, bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Anxiety disorder: These conditions involve problems with anxiety, fears or phobias that interfere with daily life. They may include specific phobias, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and panic disorder.

Other mental illnesses: These may include certain forms of dementia and sleep-related disorders, such as narcolepsy.

The DSM and ICD define mental disorders as a group of health conditions that impede your capacity for clear thinking, managing emotions and making decisions. While some are psychiatric in nature, others are neurological in origin.

Some of these disorders are classified as “comorbid,” meaning they occur together with other illnesses or medical conditions. Comorbidity plays an integral role in diagnosis, and several dimensional models exist to explain how these traits overlap.

These models are founded on the notion that mental illness may have a physical cause, similar to heart disease or diabetes. The most widely accepted theory holds that brain damage is responsible for mental disorders; this damage can be caused by infections, trauma, genetics and toxins.

Studies have established a link between brain damage and various mental health conditions, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder and major depressive disorder.

Research has also demonstrated a causal connection between childhood traumatic experiences and adult mental illnesses, with higher risks for psychosis if these events occurred before age 16.

The concept of medicalising mental illness has become an increasingly prominent theme in psychiatry, with some suggesting that pharmaceutical companies stand to benefit greatly by expanding the definitions for these diagnoses. Furthermore, this medicalization of mental illness has seen increased use of drugs to try and reduce symptoms in order to enhance patient outcomes.

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- Welcome, SoundTherapy.com lowers anxiety 86%, pain 77%, and boosts memory 11-29%. Click on the brain to sign up or share with buttons below to help others: