Migraine Treatments – Acute and Preventive

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Migraine Treatments – Acute and Preventive

Migraines are the second most frequent primary headache disorder after tension-type headache. These disabling conditions can impact quality of life, career progression and social activities alike; causing nausea, vomiting and pain in the head or face among other symptoms.

Treatments for migraine symptoms aim to relieve existing symptoms and prevent future attacks. There are two types of treatments: acute (used during an attack) and preventive (given on a regular basis).

Acute therapy is designed to alleviate the symptoms of a migraine attack as quickly as possible, usually by administering pain-relieving medications.

These drugs can be taken orally, topically, or via injection. Some pain-relieving medicines like acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are also available as oral or nasal sprays. Other migraine treatment options include triptans, antiemetics, and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) antagonists.

These medications can be administered as injections or subcutaneous or intravenous delivery and are commonly prescribed to prevent migraines in those who don’t respond well to other therapies or experience chronic, frequent attacks of the disorder.

Preventive therapy is a strategy that uses medications and lifestyle modifications to reduce migraine frequency. In some individuals, this combination may be effective and more cost-effective than using medication alone for migraine prevention.

Different migraine types exist, each with its own symptoms and triggers. It is essential to recognize these distinct migraine types so you can work together with your doctor to find the most appropriate treatment option for you.

Acute therapy for migraine symptoms includes taking medications like NSAIDs and acetaminophen. Other pain-relieving medicines like beta blockers, antidepressants, and anti-seizure drugs may also be prescribed.

You must take these drugs regularly, often daily, in order to prevent migraines. Other treatments like acupuncture, biofeedback or cognitive behavioral therapy as well as meditation and yoga may be beneficial in treating migraines.

Many drugs used for preventive therapy have potential side effects, so it’s essential to consult your doctor before taking any medication. Furthermore, some may not be safe for pregnant women or those trying to become pregnant.

Studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of certain medications for migraine prevention, such as blood pressure-lowering agents like propranolol and metoprolol tartrate; calcium channel blockers like verapamil; and antidepressants. Unfortunately, drugs which may increase the likelihood of a migraine attack – like opioid medications or certain over-the-counter pain relievers – should not be used as part of preventive therapy.

Botulinum toxin A (botox) is another preventive therapy available for migraines in some adults. Injected approximately every 12 weeks, botox injections can provide lasting symptom relief for some sufferers.

Other preventive strategies for headaches include diet modifications, stress reduction techniques and physical exercise. Acupuncture and a computerized tomography scan may also be employed in order to identify any underlying conditions causing or exacerbating your headaches.

Acupuncture is a treatment that uses fine needles to stimulate specific points on your body, which may help relieve headaches. Due to its potential discomfort, acupuncture should only be performed on adults and not young children.

You may benefit from taking riboflavin, coenzyme Q10 and magnesium supplements to reduce your migraines or lessen their intensity. Some herbs such as feverfew and butterbur may also help alleviate migraine symptoms.

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- Welcome, SoundTherapy.com lowers anxiety 86%, pain 77%, and boosts memory 11-29%. Click on the brain to sign up or share with buttons below to help others: