Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Causes
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder, characterized by intrusive and unwanted thoughts, feelings, and urges. People with OCD have a tendency to perform repetitive behaviors or rituals (compulsions) to counteract these unwanted thoughts.
These obsessive and irrational urges are very unpleasant. They can be overwhelming, leading people with OCD to avoid situations where they believe they might be harmed or hurt. Some common obsessions include fears of contamination, harm to others, and needing to see things the way they are intended.
The exact cause of OCD is not known. It is believed that it can develop due to a combination of genetics and environmental factors. However, researchers continue to investigate what causes the condition.
Researchers have also found that childhood trauma may contribute to the development of OCD. In addition, people with OCD are likely to have difficulty with attachment and processing emotions. This may be related to a lack of serotonin.
While the exact cause of OCD is not known, it is estimated that about one-quarter of people with the disorder suffer from metabolic problems. One theory suggests that stress contributes to OCD, as high levels of stress can aggravate OCD symptoms.
As part of a mental health system, OCD is treated using cognitive behavioral therapy, medication, and neuromodulation. Those who experience OCD symptoms can also use support groups to learn from others who have experienced the condition.
A support group can help to alleviate the stress associated with the disorder. This can go a long way in achieving a successful recovery.