Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Screening
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the most common psychological disorders. The disorder causes people to develop recurrent thoughts and repetitive behaviors that cause distress. Treatment for OCD can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning.
To properly diagnose and treat OCD, clinicians use a variety of assessment tools. These include clinical interview, a physical examination, and various assessment measures. An OCD screening test is a brief test that can identify individuals with specific symptoms.
A primary method for diagnosing OCD is the clinical interview. Clinical interview questions are designed to stimulate a detailed discussion about symptoms.
Another form of OCD screening is the Y-BOCS. This clinician-administered assessment has a severity scale and a symptom checklist. It can also be used to track the response to treatment over time.
Although the Y-BOCS is not a diagnostic tool, results can provide useful information for clinicians. Other screening tests may be needed if symptoms do not respond to treatments.
A pilot study of the DOCS was conducted to assess its accuracy as a perinatal OCD screening tool. Participants were recruited at the University of Potsdam, Germany, from June 2020 to August 2020. Study participants gave informed consent.
Only a few studies have been conducted on the DOCS. Results suggest that the tool performs well. However, the authors of the German guideline indicate that the tool’s sensitivity and specificity are lower because of the experience of the clinicians.
In order to diagnose and treat OCD, a clinician must determine whether or not a patient’s obsessional thoughts are causing significant distress. They must also determine if they are affecting social or work functioning.