Physical Therapy Exercises For Knee Pain

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Physical Therapy Exercises For Knee Pain

Knee pain can make it difficult to engage in activities such as walking, climbing stairs and sitting for extended periods of time. Physical therapy can provide comfort and increase your knee strength and range of motion.

The knee is a major joint in the body, responsible for moving your leg, bending it and rising from a seated position. It connects your thigh to your leg bone and plays an essential role in maintaining balance throughout the body.

Some knee issues, such as arthritis or an injury, can cause chronic pain and restrict movement. Therefore, it’s essential to see a physical therapist as soon as you notice any issues with your knee.

Your therapist will use various treatments to help alleviate your knee pain. These may include stretches, massage, heat or cold therapy, as well as physical therapy exercises.

TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation): Your therapist will apply sticky patches called electrodes on the front of your thigh above your knee and turn on a TENS machine which tingles nerves in muscles and increases blood flow to those areas.

Exercises for Knee Pain: Your therapist can teach you how to do these exercises and how often. Start by doing just a few at first, increasing the difficulty as you gain strength.

Straight leg raise: This exercise is one of the most common exercises your therapist will teach you. It increases the strength in your quadriceps muscle, which can benefit knee health even when experiencing discomfort.

Stretching and Strengthening: Your therapist can teach you how to utilize stretching, muscle balance and other techniques for pain reduction, improved mobility and prevention of future injuries. Additionally, they may suggest exercises that strengthen your legs and hips which could reduce stress on your knee and help avoid future discomfort.

The Hamstring Stretch: Your therapist can demonstrate a stretching movement that targets your hamstring muscle. Doing this exercise also strengthens the calf muscles, which may reduce knee pain.

Standing-against-the wall: Your therapist will instruct you how to stand with your back against the wall, keeping your feet about shoulder-width apart. Slowly bend your knees, moving your pelvis forward until everything is parallel with the floor. Repeat this movement ten times with each leg.

This exercise is the ideal starting point for increasing your knee’s range of motion, which can reduce pain and swelling. It’s much simpler to perform than straight leg raises, which may prove more challenging for people suffering from knee pain.

Elastic Stretch Band: For this exercise, you’ll need an elastic stretch band with comfortable resistance, such as a soft elastic strap or rubber band. Alternatively, you could try doing this exercise on a weight machine at the gym if you have access to one.

Many of these exercises can be found in a booklet or manual provided by your therapist. This will include pictures to guide you and descriptions on how to do them safely.

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