Physical Therapy For Vestibular Migraine

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Physical Therapy For Vestibular Migraine

Recently, research showed that patients with vestibular migraine experienced benefits from prophylactic physical therapy as either an adjunct to their medication regimens or as a stand-in intervention [86]. This suggests physical therapy may be an effective preventative strategy for these individuals.

Contrary to most headache disorders, migraine is usually a chronic disorder that can be brought on by stress, hormone changes and lifestyle habits. These changes may aggravate existing migraine symptoms and lead to more frequent attacks.

This disorder is usually characterized by episodes of vertigo and dizziness, but may also include nausea, vomiting, photophobia, phonophobia and visual aura. Diagnosing this condition can be challenging since its clinical presentation is unpredictable without typically including head pain.

Vestibular Migraine (VM) is a rare subtype of migraine that presents with recurrent vestibular symptoms. This disorder tends to affect women more than men, though no single cause or inheritance pattern has been identified; however, chromosome abnormalities may play an influential role.

Physical therapists performing evaluations for vestibular migraine (VM) take into account your history of symptoms and past test results when performing a balance evaluation. Additionally, they may suggest an at-home exercise program to improve balance and reduce symptoms.

These exercises are intended to improve your balance and prevent future episodes of vertigo (VM), so they should be done daily for best results. A physiotherapist can also suggest ways to manage symptoms and retrain the brain in order to avoid triggers.

Other strategies include altering your sleep and eating patterns to reduce migraine frequency, managing stress on your health, and improving overall quality of life. Psychological support such as talk therapy may also be beneficial in dealing with this debilitating condition.

The diagnosis of vestibular migraine (VM) is made through an assessment of a patient’s migraine and vestibular symptoms. These must be present for at least five minutes up to 72 hours in one episode, with migraineous features like headache, photophobia, phonophobia or visual aura present half the time.

In order to be diagnosed with migraine, an attack must last at least 30 minutes. The duration of an attack varies among patients; 30% experience episodes that last only seconds and the remaining 10% can experience bouts that last hours.

Since migraine attacks can strike without warning, it’s essential that you don’t miss any appointments with your primary care physician and get checked out at a headache center if you think that you have this disorder. The symptoms of migraine may be similar to other migraine variants like tension, basilar migraine and cluster headaches; thus, make sure all symptoms match up for a migraine diagnosis.

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