The most widely prescribed medication for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). These antidepressants work by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain, improving communication between nerve cells and relieving symptoms associated with PTSD.
SSRIs come in tablet and capsule form, usually taken at bedtime. Doctors may initially prescribe a lower dose to begin treatment and gradually increase it as needed.
Paroxetine HCl (Paxil) is an SSRI commonly prescribed in tablet form; however, a doctor may prescribe paroxetine capsules if they feel that someone will have trouble swallowing the tablets. To minimize potential stomach upset, take this drug with food.
Venlafaxine (Effexor) is an SNRI that can be prescribed off-label to treat PTSD. When taken in combination with other SSRIs or antidepressants, Venlafaxine has been found to be effective at alleviating symptoms associated with PTSD.
Your GP can refer you to an NHS talking therapies service or, in certain cases, direct you to a specialist clinic. Your therapist will assist in changing the way you think about your trauma by using techniques such as eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR).
Talking to others who have endured traumatic events can be beneficial in managing PTSD. There are numerous organisations offering peer support, either face-to-face or online.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, commonly referred to as CBT, is a psychological treatment that has been scientifically proven to reduce symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It involves altering how you think about and process your trauma experience while helping control anxiety and fear. CBT typically involves 8-12 weekly sessions.