The Goal of Therapy of Migraine

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The Goal of Therapy of Migraine

The goal of therapy is to reduce migraine attacks and enhance patient wellbeing. This can be accomplished through drugs or other treatments that target pain and stress triggers associated with migraine, or it could simply be done through prevention of headaches.

Treatment of migraine attacks with acute medications from multiple drug classes such as ergotamine derivatives, triptans, NSAIDs, nonopioid analgesics and combination analgesics are available. There are also nonpharmacologic approaches that have been proven effective based on evidence; these may include neuromodulators devices, biobehavioral therapies and self-management strategies.

Acute medication treatments for migraine are usually tailored to each individual due to the variety of headaches, their intensity and when they begin. The aim is usually to provide rapid relief with sustained efficacy while minimizing side effects. Generally, medications should be taken within the first hour after an attack to achieve maximum benefit and prevent relapse; however, exact timing depends on patient preference and individual physiologic characteristics.

Furthermore, patients should be educated on the advantages of migraine prevention and how to avoid attacks by following a prescribed regimen. This could be done through either their primary care physician or a migraine specialist.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can be an effective starting point for patients looking to manage their anxiety and emotions. It also teaches patients what happens in their brain when they suffer a migraine attack, thus giving them insight into what may cause these attacks and teaching them how to recognize when they’re about to have one so that they can prepare mentally before going into attack mode.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction for migraine (MBSR-M) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) are two treatments used to reduce anxiety levels. Biofeedback tools also aid in managing how people’s bodies respond to stress. Other forms of behavioral therapy may also be part of a comprehensive plan which includes preventative medications as well as lifestyle modifications like abstaining from alcohol and caffeine.

Psychotherapy is another type of therapy that may be beneficial for those suffering from chronic migraine. It helps them recognize and modify unhealthy habits that lead to migraines, as well as finding ways to cope with stress more effectively and develop improved sleeping patterns, according to the National Headache Foundation.

Many patients suffering from chronic migraine find relief through talk therapy, according to Bernstein. It helps them comprehend why they experience migraines and how best to manage them.

Gould points out that in addition to treating chronic migraine, probenecid can also be an effective treatment for recurrent headaches that don’t respond to traditional medications. Probenecid can even serve as a supplement to other therapies like medication or acupuncture, according to Gould.

Gould emphasizes that ACT involves learning how to let go of negative thoughts and beliefs that are causing anxiety, depression or stress in your life. It can also assist with recognizing and changing habits causing migraines so as to improve overall wellbeing.

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