What Are the Causes and Symptoms of Insomnia?
Sleep problems can arise for various reasons, from chronic health issues to a life event that causes stress. Unfortunately, for some people the issue can persist over time.
Medical conditions such as high blood pressure, obesity, or depression may make someone more prone to insomnia. Other causes include stress (which leads to hyperarousal), work schedules that don’t match your circadian rhythm, and travel between time zones.
Some individuals are more vulnerable to insomnia when faced with stressful life events like job loss or divorce. Furthermore, mental health conditions like anxiety or depression may lead to pervasive thoughts and feelings of fear that disrupt sleep patterns.
Suicidal ideation is also often experienced among those suffering from insomnia, placing them at an increased risk for suicide. If you or someone close to you is struggling with insomnia, it is critical that they seek professional assistance from a trained therapist.
Sleeping pills may be prescribed to aid with insomnia, but these can be addictive and should only be used as a last resort.
For many people, a combination of lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and medication is the most effective way to treat insomnia. These therapies aim to alter the thoughts and behaviors that keep you up at night and prevent you from falling asleep easily.