What Are the Causes of ADHD?
ADHD can have many causes, both genetic and environmental.
Genetic studies have linked ADHD to specific genes that are often found in both parents. Furthermore, children with ADHD typically exhibit specific differences in how their brains develop, which could potentially influence the onset and course of the disorder.
Other environmental risks linked to ADHD include prenatal substance exposure (like smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy), as well as exposure to environmental toxins like lead, PCBs or pesticides.
Food is not believed to cause ADHD, though certain diets or dietary patterns have been linked to behavioral issues. Eating too much sugar or watching too much television may contribute to stress which in turn could trigger symptoms associated with ADHD.
Medication is another treatment option for ADHD, and medications can help those with the disorder focus, become less impulsive and feel calmer. They may be prescribed by a doctor and include stimulants like Ritalin or Adderall, non-stimulants like Strattera and certain antidepressants or even a combination of both.
Talk therapy can be highly beneficial for adults with ADHD, helping them address emotional issues caused by the condition. These may include low self-esteem, feelings of embarrassment or shame, relationship conflict, academic struggles and job turnover.
Finding a treatment option that works for you is the most important thing you can do for yourself. Investing time into understanding your symptoms and the available treatments can make all the difference in how well-lived your life.