The popularity of biofeedback as a non-pharmacological treatment option for sleep disorders has recently increased despite conflicting empirical evidence of its therapeutic effectiveness. These results underline the need to conduct further randomized clinical trials with higher methodological quality to better delineate the effectiveness of biofeedback in treating chronic insomnia. The treatment of sleep disorders, which includes biofeedback, should be carried out by a psychologist who is trained in both sleep therapy and biofeedback. When treating sleep disorders, biofeedback is often used in conjunction with relaxation training or other behavioral approaches.
Neither has proven to be consistently more effective than other relaxation methods.
Can biofeedback help with sleep disorders?
EEG SMR rhythm biofeedback is a fascinating technique that probably promotes sleep through a different mechanism of action than other biofeedback methods. Biofeedback to treat sleep disorders requires specialized expertise that is not available to the vast majority of biofeedback practitioners. The aim is to raise patients’ awareness of their physiological processes so that they can gain control over them. Studies that compared biofeedback with other cognitive behavioral therapy techniques, placebo, or lack of treatment were selected.
When treating sleep disorders, biofeedback is often used in conjunction with relaxation training or other behavioral approaches.