When treating sleep disorders, biofeedback is often used in conjunction with relaxation training or other behavioral approaches. These changes tend to result in better sleep, a reduction or elimination of sleeping pills, and less anxiety about sleep. Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that can make it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep or cause you to wake up too early and not be able to fall back asleep. Three separate studies since 1999 have found that CBT-I is more effective than sleeping pills in treating sleep disorders.
In the majority of the results examined, no significant differences were observed in the effectiveness of biofeedback compared to other cognitive behavioral therapy techniques.
Can biofeedback help with sleep disorders?
EMG and EEG theta wave biofeedback are relaxation therapies that have been used effectively to treat sleep disorders. A picture that illustrates the need for biofeedback shows a basketball newbie blindfolded learning how to shoot a basket. This systematic review of randomized and quasi-randomized clinical trials aims to summarize the evidence for the use of biofeedback techniques in the treatment of chronic insomnia. Studies that compared biofeedback with other cognitive behavioral therapy techniques, placebo, or lack of treatment were selected.
This systematic review found conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of biofeedback techniques in treating chronic insomnia.