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Which medication is commonly used to treat insomnia?

Physicians may initiate treatment for sleep disorders on a first visit; for patients with a clear acute stressor such as grief, further investigation may not be indicated. Sleep history is the first step in evaluating primary insomnia. It offers doctors a structured diagnostic approach. Treatment for chronic insomnia consists of first diagnosing and treating the underlying medical or psychological issues. There is little evidence to support the combination of nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatments for sleep disorders.

Ideally, treating sleep disorders would improve the quantity and quality of sleep, improve daytime function (greater attention and focus), and have minimal side effects from medications.

What is the first-line drug treatment for sleep disorders?

Based on various studies and surveys, today’s sleep experts estimate that 10 to 30% of adults trust trusted sources from the National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information promotes science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. Although there are no good studies comparing benzodiazepines directly with Z-hypnotics, indirect comparisons suggest similar effectiveness. Finally, educating patients about treatment expectations and potential side effects can help maximize treatment outcomes. As mentioned above, the incidence of side effects is lower with Z-hypnotics, and these drugs also have a lower potential for abuse.

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